What were they?
- Groups of men who lived
in monasteries were called monks. Similar groups of women were
- A man in charge of a
called an 'Abbot'. A woman in charge was called an 'Abbess'.
- They all prayed a lot, but also had to work hard
growing their own food and looking after farm animals.
- They helped the local
people too. They ran hospitals, guesthouses and schools.
- Only children of very
rich lords and kings went to school.
- In return, kings and
lords gave the monasteries money to pray for their souls.
- This was used to look
after relics, build
beautiful churches (British
& Saxon), make brilliant metalwork
and needlework and keep
libraries of decorated books. The books were all written by