Saxon Kingdom in
- Traditionally, Hampshire,
Wiltshire and Dorset were settled by Saxons from North-West
Germany and another group called Jutes, from Central Denmark.
- The Jutes lived in South-East
Hampshire and on the Isle of Wight. At first, they probably
had there own king. He might have lived in East Meon or
Southampton or Carisbrooke. The kingdom could have been called
Meonware or Wight. It was settled by Jutes coming round
Southampton Water and up the Solent.
- The Saxons set up a kingdom
called Wessex. The name Wessex means 'Land of the West
Saxons'. It was settled by Saxons coming up the River Avon at
- They may have joined a Saxon
mercenary already living in Roman Britain. His name was Cerdic
the Saxon. He lived in the 520s and was the first King of
Wessex. His family were known as the Cerdicingas.
- The kingdom of the Jutes soon
became part of the Kingdom of Wessex. So did North Berkshire,
an area ruled by a group of Saxons called the 'Gewissae' (pronounced Yoo-iss-eye).
- The Wessex kings then took over
British areas in the west. So Somerset and
Devon became part of Wessex too.
- The kings lived at Winchester in
Hampshire. Their Royal monastery was also at Winchester.
- The most famous early King of
Wessex was King Ine.
- There were lots of famous Kings
of Wessex in the 9th Century, especially Egbert, Alfred the
Great and Edward the Elder.
- Eventually they became Kings of