St. Aneirin Gwodryd
(Born c.AD 541)
(Welsh: Neirin; Latin: Nigrinus; English: Annerin)
Prince Aneirin of Flowing Verse,
a younger son of King Dunaut Bwr (the Stout) of the Northern Pennines, is
one of the best known of ancient Celtic bards. He was sometimes known as
Aneirin Awenyd - the Inspired - and was described by his near
contemporaries as High-King of Bards or Prince of Poets. He
was apparently present at the Battle of Catraeth between a British
co-elision under King Mynyddog Mwynfawr (the Wealthy) of Din-Eityn and the
Anglians of Northumbria. Here he wrote the now famous poem, Y Gododdin.
Though the surviving text has become corrupted and added to, the core
section is believed to have actually been written by this man around the
year 600! His other works are collectively known as the Llyfr Aneirin.
In later life he became a monk at Llancarfan in South Wales, where he had
been educated as a boy. He was apparently killed by a blow to the head
inflicted by Heidyn ap Enygan and became revered by some as a saint.
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