headed up by St.
- In the mid-10th century,
monasteries all over England were not run properly. Many were
- A monk named Aethelwold was made
an important Abbot in Abingdon (in Berkshire). He rebuilt
Aethelwold was very interested in the way monasteries were run
- So he sent his friend, Osgar, to
France. Osgar learnt how to run a monastery properly,
according to the 'Rules of
St. Benedict'. These were rules about how monks should behave
and how a monastery should be laid out around a cloister. When
Osgar returned home, he showed Aethelwold how to do this.
- Prince Edgar of England went to
school at Abingdon and was taught by Aethewlold. When he
became King, he appointed Aethelwold as Bishop of Winchester.
This made him very important. His friend, St. Dunstan, was
Archbishop of Canterbury.
- Together, these 3 persuaded
everyone to change how they ran monasteries. They also set up
lots of new ones. This was known as the 'Monastic Reform'
- Aethelwold's own monastery at the
Old Minster in Winchester became very famous. It was the home
of many skilled writers, manuscript illuminators,
metalworkers, artists and stone carvers. The nearby
Nunnaminster was famous for its needlework.