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Glywysing & Gwent's place in Britain
- Glywysing (now called
Glamorgan) and Gwent were two linked kingdoms which covered most of
- When the Romans
left Britain, an old story says that a son of the British
Emperor Magnus Maximus took control of a large portion of
South Wales. His name was Owain.
- At the same time, the British High-King
Vortigern held personal
control of Powys, including Gwent. His son Vortimer was later
given Gwent. The area is named after its capital, the Roman
town of Venta Silurum (now called Caerwent).
- The stories say that Gywysing was named after
Owain's great grandson, a king called Glywys (the Welsh
version of Claude).
- Glywys' daughter married
Vortimer's great grandson. They united the two kingdoms.
Sometimes, however, they became divided again and were ruled
by different branches of the family. There was also a third
kingdom called Ergyng (Western Herefordshire).
- Owain's descendants
ruled here until 1090. Thatís over 700 years! Then the
English took over.
- In the early 10th
century, Glywysing became known as Morgannwg, after its king,
Morgan the Great. The English called it Glamorgan.
- The kings of Gwent lived at
Portskewett. The Kings of Glywysing lived at Margam.
Their Royal monastery was at
- The most famous Kings of
Glwysing and Gwent were:
- Tewdrig - He
lived in the the early 7th century. He was a good king who
retired to a monastery. However, the Saxons
invaded and he had to return to lead his men in battle
the Great -
He lived in the 10th century. He lived to be a hundred and
had his country named after him.