North of the Border
- The Romans did not get
very far into Scotland and so nor did Christianity. In the
Dark Ages, this place was called Pictland after the Picts who
lived there. The British also lived in southern Scotland. The
Picts and the Northern British worshipped many different gods.
They were pagans.
- In the 5th century, a
few missionaries and hermits took Christianity into Pictland.
- About AD 510, St. Ninian
set up the first cathedral at Whithorn. This is in Galloway, a
region in the kingdom of Strathclyde. He was probably sent
there by the British Bishop of Carlisle.
- King Riderch of
Strathclyde went on holiday to Ireland. He became a Christian
there. Christianity then became very popular in his kingdom.
He asked St. Kentigern (also called St. Mungo) to set up
Glasgow Cathedral in AD 553.
- The Scots lived in
Argyle in south-west Pictland. In the 560s, St. Columba and
St. Moluag came from Ireland to persuade the Scots to become
Christian. St. Columba converted the King and all his people.
He set up a famous monastery on the Island of Iona.
- St. Columba went into
Pictland. An old story tells us how he met the Loch Ness
Monster! Columba tried to persuade the Picts to become
Christians too. He wasn't very successful. Some Picts become
Christian over the next 100 years.
- In AD 715, King Nectan
of the Picts made friends with the Abbot of Monk Wearmouth (in
Co. Durham). Everyone in Pictland became Christian.