and Chainmail, covered in Gold
- In the ship
burial at Sutton Hoo, a tunic of iron
chain mail was
folded in the dead person's sarcophagus (big coffin). It was
probably thigh length, but had rusted into a big lump of
- The helmet was placed on
top of the sarcophagus. It was at the head end.
- Most of the helmet was made of
iron. It rusted in the ground. Only small parts were left
(the rough bits in the picture).
- Archaeologists had to piece these
together It was like a giant jigsaw puzzle. Except most pieces were
- The helmet was covered in small decorated
panels. These were made of tin covered bronze foil. It
would originally have all looked very silver in colour.
- It had a long iron neck-guard at
- The crest went over the middle of
the head. It was shaped like a dragon and made of gold covered
bronze. The dragon had garnets (red jewels) for eyes.
- The helmet has big bronze eyebrows.
They end in tiny boars' heads and are lined with garnets.
- Hanging from the helmet were a
mask to protect the face; and flaps to protect the ears and
- The face mask has a gold covered
bronze nose and moustache.
- The helmet is thought to have had
a leather lining.
- It would have taken a long time
to make. It would have been very expensive.
- Similar Viking helmets have been
found by archaeologists in Sweden.
- Similar helmets
are mentioned in the 'Beowulf'